Vitreoretinal surgery consisting on the eye posterior segment (retina and vitreous body) surgery is performed at OPTIMED.
- Retina is the basis of the visual apparatus. Its damage can cause the vision inconvertible loss.
- The vitreous body is a transparent medium providing access of the light beams reflected from objects to the retina, thus influencing the vision quality.
Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure targeted at the changed vitreous body and cicatrix tissue removal from the vitreous body cavity and the retinal surface to overcome its tension and detachment.
Note: the retinal detachment cannot be treated by administering drops, tablets or injections. A surgical vitreoretinal procedure is the only way to save the sense of vision.
Surgical procedure objectives:
- Rupture detection.
- Rupture sealing.
Indications for vitrectomy:
- Diabetic retinopathy.
- Age-dependent macular retina degeneration (“moist” form).
- Vitreous body destruction reducing the sense of vision.
- Hemophthalmia (vitreous body hemorrhage).
- Vitreous body impairment (opacity).
- Macular ruptures, vitreomacular traction syndrome.
- Retinal detachment and rupture.
- Complications after a cataract surgical management.
- A foreign body in the vitreous cavity, retina.
- Significant loss of the vitreous body caused by an open trauma or a surgical procedure.
Contraindications for vitrectomy:
- Severe coagulation system disorders.
- The patient’s critical state.
- An acute infection centering or a chronic infectious disease exacerbation.
- Retinal detachment caused by a tumor formed in the eyeball.
Conventional contraindications for vitrectomy:
- Evident corneal opacity.
- Liability to allergic reactions.
Specific features of vitrectomy:
- Outpatient treatment, i.e. without the patient hospitalizing.
- Pain free treatment: a combined anesthesia is applied taking into account the procedure type and duration.
- An individual procedure duration: the procedure lasts from 30 minutes to 5 hours and depends on the disease stage and form as well as on the disorder grade.
Benefits of vitrectomy at OPTIMED:
- A qualified vitreoretinal surgeon performs the procedure.
- Constellation Vision System (Alcon, USA), a high-technology microsurgical equipment ensuring a new standard of surgical procedure control is applied for treatment. High-speed vitreous cutters combined with the surgeon’s ability to control the operation cycle and intraocular tension, along with improved xenon lighting and V-LOCITY efficiency components ensure the high productivity level.
- The patient’s post-operative individual observance (the schedule of the free control examinations is designed by the physician for the whole 6-month restorative period).
- Compliance with the therapeutic mode and physician’s recommendations.
Recommendations after the treatment are as follows:
- Exclude any mechanic impact on the eye: pressing, rubbing.
- Limit driving time until a complete recovery.
- Amend the visual workload mode: while watching TV, reading make breaks for eyes to have a frequent rest.
- Protect the eyes from the ultraviolet rays: wear sunglasses.